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Wave modes using the warm plasma theory, with one ion species included are:

  1. B=0
    • longitudinal electron plasma wave
    • longitudinal ion plasma wave
    • transverse electromagnetic wave
  2. k parallel to B
    • longitudinal electron plasma wave
    • longitudinal ion plasma wave
    • transverse right-hand circularly polarized wave
    • transverse left-hand circularly polarized wave
  3. k perpendicular to B
    • longitudinal electron plasma wave
    • longitudinal ion plasma wave
    • transverse ordinary wave
    • partially transverse extraordinary wave
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