The Mathematical Sciences have a common colloquium which meets about once every three weeks with presentations of some current research topics by department faculty or visitors. Talks will assume only general mathematical background and all faculty and students are invited to participate
The Colloquium will normally take place on Tuesdays from 16:15 to 17:00 in room Ma335 (other meeting times are also possible, see the exact schedule below).
If you are interested in presenting your research in the Colloquium, please contact Ville Suomala (firstname.lastname"at"oulu.fi).
Instructions for contributors
Please bear in mind that the audience will include graduate students and researchers of quite different areas than your own. Therefore it would be greatly appreciated if the following aspects would be taken into account:
 Include a comprehensive account of the setting of the problems, where they come from and what the motivation for studying them is.
 Do not assume that the audience know all the definitions. Take sufficient time to allow the audience to grasp the stated definitions.
 It is better if everyone understands the main theorem than if 5 % understand the whole proof.
The saying has it that if you plan a talk for graduate students, then a few professors might understand it. Therefore we suggest that you plan your talk so that even undergraduates will understand it, and then maybe most of the audience will actually do so.
20182019 Schedule
22.5  14:15 (MA342)  Juha Kontio  (Tutkimussuunnitelmaseminaari) TBA  
7.5  14:15 (MA342)  Jukka Kemppainen  TBA  
23.4  14:15 (MA342)  Xiang GAO (Hubei University, Wuhan)  On Fourier decay of some fractal measures  
17.4  14:15 (IT137)  Sebastian Lunz (University of Cambridge)  Adversarial Regularizers in Inverse Problems  In the past years, machine learning algorithms and in particular deep learning have been providing new tools to the inverse problems community, that have been used to greatly improve reconstruction quality. In this talk, we will give a brief overview of recent approaches to inverse problems using machine learning and will then discuss adversarial regularizers, an approach based on learning a regularization functional, in detail. As applications, we consider traditional imaging problems like computed tomography as well as single particle analysis as a novel application. 
5.2.  12:15 (IT137)  Han Yu (University of St. Andrews)  Numbers with restricted digits and Furstenberg slicing problem  Furstenberg posed a problem on intersections between Cantor sets. In this talk, I will talk about ShmerkinWu's breakthrough towards this problem as well as a tiny improvement made by myself. It turns out that this tiny improvement can be used to show some intriguing results in number theory on numbers with restricted digits which I will also state in the talk. If time permits, I will briefly mention some key steps of the proofs and some potential future works. 
14.12  13:15 (L9)  Andreas Hauptmann (University College, London)  Learned image reconstruction for highresolution tomographic imaging  Recent advances in deep learning for tomographic reconstructions have shown great potential to create accurate and high quality images with a considerable speedup of reconstruction time. In this talk I will discuss two common approaches to combine deep learning methods, in particular convolutional neural networks (CNN), with modelbased reconstruction techniques. I will illustrate these approaches with two conceptually different imaging modalities: For accelerated dynamic cardiovascular magnetic resonance we can train a CNN to remove noise and aliasing artefacts from an initial reconstruction to obtain clinically useful information. For the more challenging problem of limitedview photoacoustic tomography, we rather need to train a network that performs an iterative reconstruction which feeds back the model information into the reconstruction algorithm to successively negate limitedview artefacts. 
4.12  13:15 (MA341)  Ruxi Shi  Fuglede's spectral set conjecture on some finite abelian groups  For a locally compact abelian group $G$, Fuglede's spectral set conjecture states that a Borel set is spectral if and only if it tiles the group $G$ by translation. In the case $G=\mathbb{R}^n$, it have been studied for long time since Fuglede formulated this conjecture in 1974. It is proved to be false for $n\ge 3$ but it is still open for $n=1, 2$. Actually, Fuglede's conjecture on $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R}^2$ is strongly related to the one on finite abelian groups, which is connected with number theory and combination. In this talks, I will present some recent results about Fuglede's spectral set conjecture on some finite abelian groups. 
27.9  14:15 (MA342)  Hua Qiu (Nanjing University)  The spectrum of the Laplacian on a family of domains in the Sierpinski gasket
 For a certain domain $\Omega$ in the Sierpinski gasket $\mathcal{SG}$ whose boundary is a line segment, a complete description of the eigenvalues of the Laplacian, with an exact count of dimensions of eigenspaces, under the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions is presented. Let $\rho^\Omega(x)$ be the eigenvalue counting function of the Laplacian on $\Omega$. We prove that $\rho^\Omega(x)=g(\log x)x^{\log 3/\log5}+O(x^{\log2/\log5}\log x)$ as $x\rightarrow\infty$ for some (rightcontinuous, discontinuous) $\log 5$periodic function $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ with $0<\inf_{\mathbb{R}}g<\sup_\mathbb{R}g<\infty$. Moreover, we explain that the asymptotic expansion of $\rho^\Omega(x)$ should admit a second term of order $\log2/\log5$, that becomes apparent from the experimental data. This is analogous to the conjectures of Weyl and Berry. We will also talk about some other related boundary value problems on subdomains in the Sierpinski gasket. 
14.9  14:15 (TA101)  Ruxi Shi  Chowla sequences in $(S^1\cup \{0\})^\mathbb{N}$}
 The Chowla sequences and Sarnak sequences taking values in $\{1,0,1\}$ was introduced by El Houcein el Abdalaoui, Joanna KułagaPrzymus, Mariusz Lemańczyk and Thierry De La Rue for studying Chowla's conjecture and Sarnak's conjecture from ergodic theory point of view. One of their results is that Chowla sequences are always Sarnak sequences, and consequently orthogonal to all topological dynamical systems of zero entropy. In this talk, I will explain how to generalize Chowla sequences from $\{1,0,1\}^\mathbb{N}$ to $(S^1\cup \{0\})^\mathbb{N}$. I will also show that for almost all $\beta>1$, the sequences $(e^{2\pi i \beta^n})_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ are Chowla sequences and consequently orthogonal to all topological dynamical systems of zero entropy 
14.9  13:15 (TA101)  Wen Wu (South China Unversity of Technology)  On the abelian complexity of the RudinShapiro sequence  In this talk, we study the abelian complexity of the RudinShapiro sequence. We show the regularity and some asymptotic property of its abelian complexity function. 
14.9  11:15 (SÄ105)  Amir Algom (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)  Slicing Theorems and rigidity in the class of BedfordMcMullen carpets  Let F be a BedfordMcMullen carpet, with algebraically independent defining integer exponents. Let L be an affine line in the plane that is not parallel to the principal axis We prove that the upperbox dimension of F\cap L is bounded by max{ dim^* (F)  1, 0}, where dim^* (F) is the stardimension of F (which is the maximal Hausdorff dimension of a microset of F). To prove this, we first reduce the problem to that of bounding the dimension of nonprincipal slices in a product set of two Cantor sets. Each Cantor set is assumed to be a nonstationary deleted digit set for some integer base, and the two bases are independent. To bound the dimension of these slices , we adapt Wu's ergodictheoretic proof of Furstenberg's slicing conjecture to this situation. Time permitting, we will explain how this slicing Theorem for products of Cantor sets can be applied to obtain various rigidity results in the class of BedfordMcMullen carpets. For example, we find explicit combinatorial upper bounds for the dimension of the intersection of two BedfordMcMullen carpets, under the assumption that all defining exponents are independent. 
14.9  10:15 (SÄ105)  Bing Li (South China University of Technology)  Simultaneous shrinking target problems for $\times 2$ and $\times 3$  We consider the simultaneous shrinking target problems for ×2 and ×3. We obtain the Haisdorff dimensions of the intersection of two well approximable sets and also of the set of points whose orbits approach a given point simultaneously for these two dynamical systems. It is a joint work with Lingmin Liao. 
Previous years
20082009 Schedule
29.9  Peter Hästö  Function spaces and differential equations 
13.10  Iwona Wróbel (Technical U. Warsaw)  On the numerical range of companion matrices 
20.10  Juri Nesterenko (Moscow State U.)  On irrationality of certain numbers 
3.11  Esa Läärä  Analysis of the distribution of survival times of cancer patients 
24.11  Jussi Klemelä  Nonparametric function estimation 
10.12  Tom Hettmansperger (Pennsylvania State U.)  TBA 
9.3  Pekka Salmi  Fourier transform, duality, quantum groups 
16.3  Stephen Walter (McMaster U.)  Incorporating patient and physician preferences into the design and analysis of clinical studies 
30.3  Hannu Oja (U. Tampere)  Multivariate Linear Regression Based on Spatial Signs and Ranks 
20.4  Markku Niemenmaa  On mathematicians bank accounts and finite groups 
27.4  Sigfired Carl (HalleWittenberg)  Multiple Solutions of Nonlinear Elliptic Problems 
11.5  Keijo Väänänen  Eräiden päättymättömien tulojen aritmeettisista ominaisuuksista (On arithmetic properties of certain infinite products) 
20092010 Schedule
21.9  Esa Järvenpää  Visibility 
12.10  Petteri Harjulehto (Helsinki)  Harnack's inequality for solutions to the p(.)Laplace equation 
19.10  Maarit Järvenpää  How to turn a needle 
2.11  Pirita Paajanen (Helsinki)  padic numbers, padic integrals and counting conjugacy classes 
9.11  Mikael Lindström  Bergman and Hardy spaces 
23.11  Lasse Holmström  Scale space analysis with applications to climate research 
8.12  Örjan Stenflo (Uppsala)  Vvariable fractals 
8.2  Jorma Arhippainen  On generalization of B^*algebras 
15.2  Jaroslav Hancl (Prague)  Expression of the real numbers with the help of infinite series 
1.3  Heidi Krzywacki (Helsinki)  Formation of teacher identity  early years as a mathematics teacher 
17.5  Lizaveta Ihnatsyeva (Aalto)  Tangential boundary behavior of Poisson integrals of regular functions 
Spring Term 2011 Schedule
17.1  Tapani MatalaAho  Arithmetic with hypergeometric series 
7.2  Kenneth Nordström  Convexity of the inverss and MoorePenrose inverse 
7.3  Matti Nuortio  Birthday special: Nonlinear potential theory 
4.4  Valeriy Serov  Fixed energy problem for nonlinear Schrödinger equation 
20112012 Schedule
22.8  Abdolrahman Razani (Imam Khomeini Int. U.)  Existence of solutions to the Riccati differential equation 
12.9  Bing Li  Some topics on random covering problem 
3.10  Ville Suomala  Projections of random fractal measures 
7.11  Mikko Sillanpää  LASSO and Bayes LASSO 
14.11  Simona Samardjiska (NTNU, Trondheim)  Permutation polynomials and polynomial quasigroups 
28.11  Spyridon Dendridos (Jyväskylä)  On uniform bounds for the Xray transform restricted to polynomial curves 
16.1  Tamas Keleti (Eötvös Lorand)  Hausdorff dimension of metric spaces and Lipschitz maps onto balls 
23.1  Antti Käenmäki (Jyväskylä)  Some recent results on selfaffine sets 
6.2  Ut Van Le  The Galerkin method for PDEs 
5.3  Juhana Siljander  Regularity questions for nonlinear parabolic PDEs 
2.4  Peter Hästö  Mathematics in Industry, specifically Geometry in Architecture 
3.5  Adam Skalski (Polish Academy of Sciences)  Quantum symmetry groups 
7.5  Raimo Kaasila  Opettajaksi opiskelevien matematiikkakuva ja siihen vaikuttaminen 
20122013 Schedule
8.8  Pablo Shmerkin (University of Surrey)  Packing circles and polygons 
8.10  Evgeney Lakshtanov (University of Averio)  Interior Transmission Eigenvalue Problem 
22.10  Zoltan Buczolich (Budapest)  TBA 
3.11 


20142015 Schedule
27.8.  Zoltan Buczolich (Eötvös Lorand University, Budapest)  On the gradient problem of C.E. Weil 
22.9.  Wen Wu  Hankel determinants of automatic sequences 
3.10.  Neil Dobbs (University of Helsinki)  How wild is exponential? 
27.10.  Meng Wu  An invitation to Multifractal analysis  with an emphasis on the study of multiple ergodic averages 
17.11  Tuomo Ojala (Jyväskylä)  Thin and Fat sets in metric spaces 
1.12  Andre Juffer (Biocenter Oulu)  Inclusion of charge fluctuations in coarse grained molecular dynamics simulations. 
8.12  Valtteri Niemi (University of Turku)  Design of security architectures for mobile systems 
12.1  Henna Koivusalo (University of York)  Pattern complexity of cut and project sets 
19.1  Kalle Leppälä  Raney's algorithm for linear fractional transformations of simple continued fractions 
2.2  Peter Hästö  Harmonic analysis in generalized Orlicz spaces 
20.2 (Fri!)  Eino Rossi (University of Jyväskylä)  Local structure of selfaffine sets 
30.3  Lassi Roininen (SGO)  Gaussian Markov random fields in Bayesian statistical inverse problems 
8.4 (Wed!)  Tuomas Sahlsten (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)  Fourier series of singular functions 
20.4  Jukka Kemppainen  Fractional Calculus  What Is It?" 
27.4  Erno Saukko  A short introduction to composition operators 
11.5  Georgios Fotopoulos  Inverse scattering problems for the nonlinear Schrödinger operator in two dimensions 
8.6  DeJun Fung (The Chinese University of Hong Kong)  On the topology of integer polynomials with bounded coefficients 
20152016 Schedule
Day  Time  Speaker  Title  Abstract 

14.6  15:15  Pablo Shmerkin (Torcuato di Tella University, Buenos Aires)  Flattening of $L^p$ norms under convolution, and the dimension and densities of Bernoulli convolutions.  I will present an inverse theorem for measures that don't flatten the $L^p$ norm exponentially under convolution. As an application, new results on the dimensions and densities of Bernoulli convolutions, outside of a small set of exceptional parameters, are obtained. 
9.6  14:15  Piotr M. Hajac (IMPAN / University of New Brunswick)  There and back again: from the BorsukUlam theorem to quantum spaces  Assuming that both temperature and pressure are continuous functions, we can conclude that there are always two antipodal points on Earth with exactly the same pressure and temperature. This is the twodimensional version of the celebrated BorsukUlam Theorem which states that for any continuous map from the ndimensional sphere to ndimensional real Euclidean space there is always a pair of antipodal points on the sphere that are identified by the map. Our quest to unravel topological mysteries in the Middle Earth of quantum spaces will begin with gentle preparations in the Shire of elementary topology. Then, after riding swiftly through the Rohan of C*algebras and GelfandNaimark Theorems, and carefully avoiding the Mordor of incomprehensible technicalities, we shall arrive in the Gondor of compact quantum groups acting freely on unital C*algebras. It is therein that the generalized BorsukUlamtype statements dwell waiting to be proven or disproven. To end with, we will pay tribute to the ancient quantum group SUq(2), and show how the proven nontrivializability of Pflaum's SUq(2)principal instanton bundle is a special case of two different noncommutative BorsukUlamtype conjectures. Time permitting, we shall also explain how to extend the nontrivializability result from the Pflaum quantum instanton bundle to an arbitrary finitely iterated equivariant join of SUq(2) with itself. The latter is a quantum sphere with a free SUq(2)action whose space of orbits defines a quantum quaternionic projective space. (Based on joint work with Paul F. Baum, Ludwik Dabrowski and Tomasz Maszczyk.) 
24.5  14:15  Stéphane Seuret (Université Paris Est)  Random sparse sampling in a Gibbs weighted tree.  Consider a Gibbs measure on the dyadic tree, and the associated « Gibbs » dyadic tree where each finite word $w$ carries the weight $\mu([w])$. The length of $w$ is denoted by $w$. Fix a parameter $\eta\in (0,1)$. We perform a sampling of the Gibbs tree, by keeping each value $\mu([w])$ with probability $2^{w\eta}$, otherwise we replace this value by 0. We study the possibility of reconstructing the initial Gibbs tree from the sampled tree, and perform the multifractal analysis of the remaining structure (which can be viewed as a capacity on the dyadic tree). Various phase transitions occur, both in the reconstruction process and in the multifractal spectra. 
3.5  16:15  Kay Schweiger (University of Helsinki)  Synchronizing Quantum Systems  The speed convergence of Markov processes is crucial in various branches of mathematics and its applications. In many cases stochastic couplings provide an effective method to estimate the limit behaviour. During the talk we will see how estimates can be achieved via particular codings. Furthermore, we will review typical challenges of applying a similar approach to quantum systems. We present a construction for quantum Markov processes that yields similar results and discuss its consequences and open problems. 
26.4  16:15  Laurent Dufloux (Paris XIII)  Hausdorff dimension of limit sets  The boundary of complex hyperbolic nspace can be endowed with two different family of metrics: Gromov metrics or spherical metrics. The Hausdorff dimension of limit sets of discrete groups of complex hyperbolic isometries is well understood when the boundary is endowed with Gromov metrics; this is a special case of some very general results. On the other hand, little is known when the boundary is endowed with the more familiar spherical metric. I will explain how the LedrappierYoung formula sheds some light on this question, and construct some nontrivial examples of discrete subgroups that allow for exact computation. 
19.4  16:15  Sari Lasanen  Elliptic boundary value problems for stochastic partial differential equations  We will consider how to define Neumann and Robin boundary value problems when the source term is Gaussian white noise, which has irregular realizations. 
12.4  16:15  Mikko Sillanpää  Rapid Bayesian inference of genetic parameters in mixed linear models.  Short introduction to animal model which is a certain type of mixed linear model, often used in genetics, is first given. Then efficient MCMC implementation of multiple random effects (genetic effects) in this context is considered. Also another approach presenting decomposition of prior of multivariate normal distribution is shown as well as an analytic approach that avoids MCMC sampling completely. 
5.4  16:15  Changhao Chen  Fractal percolation, porosity, and dimension.  Porosity describes the size of holes in a given set. Fractal percolation (or Mandelbrot percolation) is a classical random fractal sets model. In this talk I will show some results on the porosities in Fractal percolation. Joint work with Tuomo Ojala, Eino Rossi, and Ville Suomala. 
15.3  16:15  Pekka Salmi  Idempotent probability measures and idempotent states  
8.3  16:15  Tapani MatalaAho  On Siegel's lemma  
23.2  16:15  Marko Huhtanen  Factoring matrices into the product of diagonal and circulant matrices.  
30.11  14:15  Olli Hyvärinen  Spectra of invertible weighted composition operators  Let $\varphi$ be an automorphism of the open unit disc $D$. For such $\varphi$, we investigate the spectra and the essential spectra of invertible weighted composition operators $uC_\varphi$ acting on a wide class of analytic function spaces; this class contains, for example, Hardy spaces $H^p$ and standard weighted Bergman spaces $A^p_\alpha$. 
23.11  12:15  Dimitri Tuomela  Facilitating shared reasoning through Reversed Equation Solving intervention  My objective is to build robust design theory and teacher guide around the intervention of Reversed Equation Solving (RES). It aims to have an impact on classroom norms, learners’ conceptual understanding related to equation solving and teachers’ visions of highquality mathematics instruction. RES intends to serve as an example that shared reasoning can be facilitated around the relevant mathematical ideas related to equation solving which is often seen by teachers as a rotelearning based topic. Results of the pilot study and the initial setting of the design research will be discussed. 
23.11  12:15  Riikka Palkki  Mathematics teachers and errors  My PhD study discusses the role of the teacher when encountering errors in mathematics lessons. The teacher's conceptions on errors and the advice given regarding them are considered. The topic is approached by questionnaires, classroom conversations and interviews. A case study example of four classes of seventh graders analyzing a planted error in a teacher lead conversation is discussed. 
9.11  14:1515:00  Biswarup Das  Eberlein compactification of quantum groups.  In 1949 Eberlein initiated the theory of weakly almost periodic functions on abelian groups in order to gain understanding of the FourierStieltjes transforms of measures on the dual group. Following his work, in the recent years, there has been a comprehensive study of the notion of "weakly almost periodic functions" on locally compact groups. The weakly almost periodic functions on a locally compact group G form a commutative C*algebra wap(G), whose character space Gwap gives the largest "semitopological" semigroup compactification of G. An important C* subalgebra of wap(G) is the Eberlein algebra, whose character space gives the largest "Hilbert space representable" semigroup compactification of G. We would like to seek a generalization of Eberlein compactification within the framework of quantum groups. We will first device a category (which depends on G) whose initial object will be the Eberlein compactification. Then we will replace the classical objects in that category by quantum objects (for example, G will be replaced by a quantum group G) and will prove existence of initial object in this new category, which can be taken as the quantum version of the classical initial object (Eberlein compactification). (Based on joint work with Matthew Daws). 
26.10  14:1515:00  Abel Farkas  How to treat Hausdorff measure for selfsimilar sets with overlaps.  We introduce a method that can replace the role of the open set condition in proves allowing us to conclude results in the overlapping case. As an application we show that the Hausdorff measure and the Hausdorff content of selfsimilar sets agree in the critical dimension. As a consequence of this we deduce that if the Hausdorff dimension $t$ of a selfsimilar set $K$ is strictly less than one then the following are equivalent: 1) the $t$dimensional Hausdorff measure of $K$ is positive; 2) the defining IFS of $K$ satisfies the weak separation property 
28.9  14:1515:00  Zitiong Li  Varyingcoefficient models with application in quantitative genetics  In statistics, varyingcoefficient (VC) models, as an extension of classical linear regression, do not assume a regression parameter to be constant, but allow the paramter to depend on other covariates such as time. We consider recent advances of the VC models concentrating on analyzing highdimensional data. The methods can be used in quantitative genetics studies to identify phenotypegenetics relationship. 
31.8.  14:1515:00  Jonathan Fraser (University of Manchester)  The Brownian graph has maximal Fourier dimension  
24.8.  14:1515:00  Bing Li (South China University of Technology)  Some topics on random covering sets over the torus  Let $\mathbb{T}^d$ be the $d$dimensional torus and $g_n$ be a sequence of subsets in $\mathbb{T}^d$. A sequence of random sets $G_n=\xi_n+g_n$ is formed by randomly translating $g_n$, where $\{\xi_n\}$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables uniformly distributed on $\mathbb{T}^d$. We are interested in the random covering set $E$ of the points in $\mathbb{T}^d$ covered infinitely many times by $\{G_n\}$. In this talk, we will introduce some results concerning the sizes of the set $E$ in the sense of topology, measure and dimension. Some sufficient and necessary conditions for the Dvoretzkoy covering problem, namely almost surely every point is covered infinitely often will be mentioned. 
5.8.  11:1512:00  Pablo Shmerkin (Torcuato di Tella University, Buenos Aires)  Absolute continuity of complex Bernoulli convolutions.  Let $\nu_\lambda$ be the distribution of the random sum $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \pm \lambda^n$, where $\lambda$ is a complex number in the open unit disk. This is a natural generalization of Bernoulli convolutions (which correspond to the case of real $\lambda$) to the complex plane. By adapting a method previously developed for the real case, we show that $\nu_\lambda$ is absolutely continuous for all $\lambda$ of modulus larger than $1/2$, outside of a set of possible exceptions of zero Hausdorff dimension. Previously, it was not even known if the exceptional set had zero Lebesgue measure. This is joint work with Boris Solomyak. 
20162017 Schedule
Day  Time  Speaker  Title  Abstract 

5.7  14:15  Piotr M. Hajac (IMPAN)
 From the noncontractibility of compact quantum groups to a noncommutative BorsukUlamtype conjecture
 The only contractible compact Hausdorff topological group G is the trivial one. This classical fact is easily equivalent to the statement that there exists a continuous equivariant map from the join G*G to G if and only if G is trivial. Remembering that all continuous equivariant maps from a topological group to itself (shift maps) are homeomorphisms, one can see the above equivalence as a special case of the equivalence of a BorsukUlamtype conjecture for free continuous actions of G on a compact Hausdorff space X, and the homotopic nontriviality of equivariant continuous maps from X to X. The aim of this talk is to explain how the above claims of classical topology, with applications ranging from the Brouwer fixedpoint theorem to the HilbertSmith conjecture, generalize to the realm of compact quantum groups acting freely on unital C*algebras. In particular, after translating the BorsukUlamtype conjecture into C*algebras and extending it to the noncommutative setting, we will prove the noncommutative BorsukUlamtype conjecture for compact quantum groups containing nontrivial finite classical subgroups (torsion), and show some variations of this theorem obtainable through Ktheory. Time permitting, we will also discuss very recent results of S.L. Woronowicz and A. Chirvasitu who respectively proved the invertibility of shift maps for arbitrary locally compact quantum groups and classified them in the reduced and full cases. Based on joint work with L. Dabrowski and S. Neshveyev. 
24.5  14:1515:00  Örjan Stenflo (Uppsala University)  Vvariable image compression  Consider a rectangular image (or picture), and divide, for each fixed positive integer n, the image into 4^n nonoverlapping “image pieces” of side lengths (1/2)^n times the sidelengths of the image. Let V be a fixed positive integer. We say that the image is Vvariable if the image contains at most V distinct image pieces for any n. We describe a simple algorithm for lossy image compression where a given target image is approximated by a Vvariable image. Joint work with Franklin Mendivil, Acadia University, Canada. 
18.5  12:1515:00  Various  Researchplan seminar presentations  
17.5  14:15  Zuzana Vaclavikova (University of Ostrava)  Some remarks on permutations which preserves the weighted density  
21.4  11:15  Michael Kinyon (University of Denver)  Automorphic loops  a survey and recent progress  A loop is automorphic if every inner mapping is an automorphism. Thus automorphic loops include groups as a special case. My talk will start with a survey of automorphic loops, including a potted history and ending with the current state of art. The main open problem is the existence or nonexistence of a finite, simple and nonassociative automorphic loop. 
11.4  16:15  Ilmari Nieminen  Compactness of weighted composition operators  In this talk I will look at the problem of characterizing the compactness of weighted composition operators between Banach spaces of analytic functions. I will focus on operators mapping to a weighted supremumnorm type space and give an overview of approaching this problem through estimating the so called essential norm of the operator. I will try to introduce the basic concepts and give a rough outline of recent methods used to solve this problem in a very general setting while avoiding the more technical details involved. 
1.3  16:15  Emma Leppälä  From loops to groups and back  In this talk I shall present a rough introduction to nonassociativity and loop theory. We'll look at some key properties of loops through examples and compare the situation to that in group theory. I'll explain how groups can be used to study loops and present you some of our research questions and the advances made towards solving them. I'll try to avoid any technicalities. 
11.1  16:15  Eino Rossi (Universidad Torcuato di Tella, Buenos Aires)  On conformal dimensions of selfaffine carpets.  We study the dimensions of quasisymmetric images of horizontal selfaffine sets. Our method is based on a general study of tangents of mappings and metric spaces. The main results are that the class of quasisymmetric mappings between horizontal carpets is rather small and that horizontal carpets are minimal for Conformal Assouad dimension. 
14.12  14:15  Biswarup Das  Locally compact quantum groups and their representations  Pontryagin duality theory of locally compact abelian groups gives a perfect symmetric situation in the category of locally compact abelian groups: Consider a locally compact abelian group G. Let $\hat{G}$ denotes the set of all characters (i.e. continuous group homomorphisms from G to the circle group). Then $\hat{G}$ can be made into a locally compact abelian group and we can recover G from $\hat{G}$ in the sense that $\hat{ \hat{G} } $ is isomorphic to G as topological groups. $\hat{G}$ is referred to as the "dual group" of G. This symmetric situation is no longer true if we are dealing with category of non abelianlocally compact groups. In the 70's and early 80's, two groups of mathematicians: Kac & Vainerman and Enock & Schwartz independently discovered the notion of "Kacalgebras" which can be thought of as generalization of the notion of "locally compact groups" in the sense that locally compact groups are special cases of Kac algebras. They further made the remarkable discovery: instead of category of locally compact groups, if we consider a category of Kac algebras, then a similar symmetry as in "Pontryagin duality for abelian groups" prevails in the sense that "dual" (in a suitable sense) of a Kac algebra K, denoted $\hat{K}$ is again a Kac algebra and moreover $\hat{ \hat{K} }$ is isomorphic to K (the symmetry which featured in Pontryagin duality). To put it differently: "Dual" of a locally compact (nonabelian) group is not necessarily a locally compact group, but if we think of a locally compact group as a Kac algebra, then the "dual" is again a Kac algebra. In the later years, through the works of S.L. Woronowicz, A. Van Daele, J. Kustermans and S. Vaes, the notion of Kac algebras further evolved into something called "quantum groups". In this talk, first we will give a gentle introduction to the subject of locally compact quantum group, without going into any technicalities, including precisely defining what is meant by "dual" for us. Then we will address a problem which featured in the representation theory of locally compact quantum groups. 
8.11  16:15  Meng Wu  On the multiplications by 2 and by 3  For a natural number m, let T_m denote multiplication by m mod 1 on the unit interval [0,1]. In the later 60's, H. Furstenberg made several farreaching conjectures concerning the "independence" between the dynamics T_2 and T_ 3. In this talk we will present two of these conjectures. The first one concerns expansions of irrational numbers in base 2 and base 3, it predicts that the T_2 orbit closure and T_3 orbit closure of an irrational number cannot both be small: the sum of their Hausdorff dimensions is always larger than 1. A closely related conjecture concerns intersections of T_2 and T_ 3invariant sets, which asserts that whenever E is a T_2invariant closed set and F is a T_3invariant closed set, then for all real numbers u and t, the Hausdorff dimension (dim) of the intersection of E and uF+t is bounded by dim(E)+dim(F)1 or 0, whichever is larger. In this talk, we will present our recent solution to the second conjecture. As an application of our result, we also show that the first conjecture is "almost true": it holds outside a set of Hausdorff dimension 0. We will present a gentle introduction to the background of these conjectures and theirs relationships. There will be no technical details in the talk. 
25.10  16:15  Teemu Tyni  Inverse scattering for operators of order four on the line  In scattering theory one considers differential operators with special type of scattering solutions; solutions that look like a sum of incoming and outgoing waves. We consider an inverse scattering problem of recovering the unknown coefficients of a nonlinear operator of order four on the line. The unknown complexvalued coefficients are assumed to satisfy some regularity conditions on their nonlinearity, but they can be discontinuous or singular in their space variable. It turns out that the inverse Born approximation can be used to recover some essential information about the coefficients from the knowledge of the reflection coefficient. This information is the jump discontinuities and the local singularities of the coefficients. We discuss the scattering theory and the related theorems and also present numerical examples regarding different types of coefficients. 
27.9  16:15  Jukka Kemppainen  The Hdistributions  We introduce a class of nonnegative probability distributions, which has a nice algebraic structure with respect to multiplication, division and taking powers. The Hdistributions or Hfunction distributions is a class, which fulfills the above requirements. The Hdistributions are nonnegative probability distributions whose p.d.f.'s are given by the (Fox) Hfunctions, which are special functions belonging to the class of higher transcendental functions. Many common nonnegative distributions such as the exponential, the gamma, the beta and the chisquare distributions are special cases of Hdistributions. 
30.8  14:15  Measurable equidecompositions and circle squaring  The BanachTarski paradox claims that any two bounded sets A, B with nonempty interiors in a three (or higher) dimensional Euclidean space are equidecomposable: we can divide A into finitely pieces, move them by isometries, and obtain a partition of B. In the plane, Tarski's circle squaring problem from the 1920s asked whether the square is equidecomposable to a disc (of the same area, as the isometry group is amenable). In 1990 Laczkovich solved this problem using combinatorial arguments and equidistribution theorems. He showed that for any two sets A and B in the ndimensional Euclidean space with the same nonzero Lebesgue measure and with boundary of box dimension less than n, A is equidecomposable to B (using translations only). I will discuss these problems and, in particular, present our recent results with Lukasz Grabowski and Oleg Pikhurko that the pieces can be made measurable in all of the above equidecompositions (provided that A and B are measurable and have equal measures).  
23.8  14:15  Fredrik Ekström (Lund University)  On the Fourier dimension  The Fourier dimension of a Borel set in Euclidean space measures the fastest possible decay rate of the Fourier transform among all finite Borel measures concentrated on the set, and is a lower bound for the Hausdorff dimension of the set. Even though it is called a "dimension", it lacks properties usually associated with dimensions, such as stability under unions and invariance under biLipschitz maps. This talk will present these and other facts about the Fourier dimension. 
20172018 Schedule
Day  Time  Speaker  Title  Abstract 

14.6.  14:15  Changhao Chen (UNSW, Sydney)  Finite field analogue of restriction theorem  I will first talk about Fourier analysis in Euclidean spaces and introduce the restriction problems, a basic problem in Fourier analysis. Then we turn to the finite field analogue of restriction problem. G. Mockenhaupt and T. Tao initially studied the finite field analogue of restriction problem. By adapting their arguments we obtain finite field analogue of restriction theorem. Furthermore, inspired by the constructions in the Euclidean setting, we show that the range of the exponentials is sharp for the finite fields setting. 
14.6.  13:15  Örjan Stenflo (Uppsala University)  Random iterations of homeomorphisms on the circle  TBA 
16.3.  14:15  Antti Kemppainen (University of Helsinki)  Conformal invariance and stochastic models of statistical physics  I will present some recent results in mathematics on conformal invariance in twodimensional statistical physics. Stochastic models, such as the Ising model or percolation, are used as simplified models in statistical physics to describe physical phenomena, e.g. ferromagnetic material or porous medium (respectively, in these examples). Such models have also been applied to economics, biology, computer science etc. In particular, I will describe in this talk the mathematical theory related to the convergence of these models to conformally invariant scaling limits, which are SchrammLoewner evolutions (SLE) and conformal loop ensembles (CLE) when we consider the random geometry of interfaces in these models. 
13.12  12:15  Changhao Chen (UNSW, Sydney)  Patterns in random subsets of vector spaces of finite fields  Motivated by analogous results in additive combinatorics, random graphs, and recent works in fractal geometry. We show the existence of certain ''patterns" in random subsets of vector spaces over finite fields. Our random model can be consided as a discrete version of Fractal percolation. One nice thing for vector spaces over finite fields is that it is a vector space with finite vectors. The talk is based on joint work with Catherine Greenhill. 
23.11.  14:15  D. Gintides (National Technical University of Athens, Greece)  Solvability of the Integrodifferential Equation of Eshelby's Equivalent Inclusion Method
 In this talk we will discuss the solvability of the integrodifferential equation corresponding to the Eshelby's equivalent inclusion method in static linear elasticity and some modifications and applications of the derived equation. We consider the problem of an infinite elastic isotropic substrate which contains an isotropic inhomogeneity with arbitrary shape and any loading at infinity. We characterize the integrodifferential equation as a tensor singular integral equation of second kind. We adopt a classical matrixization procedure which provides an equivalent matrix integral equation. We compute its symbol and prove that the index is zero which means that it is of Fredholm type. Consequently, according to Noether's theory we infer existence and uniqueness. We prove equivalently that the homogeneous transmission problem has only the trivial solution. We will discuss modifications including eigenstress or body forces and anisotropies. 
29.8  14:15  Ville Suomala  Point configurations in random fractal sets  Motivated by analogous results in additive combinatorics, we present various results on the existence of patterns in random fractal sets. We focus on a canonical model, the fractal percolation. 
22.8  14:15  Wen Wu (South China University of Technology)  On the complexity of the Cantor sequence  The kabelian complexity, which was introduced by Karhumäki is a measure of the disorder of infinite words. This talk is concerning on the kabelian complexity of the Cantor sequence c = 101000101 · · ·, which is a typical automatic sequence. We shall first introduce various complexity functions of infinite words, and recall the definition of automatic sequences and regular sequences. Then, we show that the kabelian complexity function of the Cantor sequence is 3regular, which supports a conjecture posed by Parreau, Rigo, Rowland and Vandomme. 