Video lecture: quality of qualitative research
Video 2: The Quality of Qualitative Research. Part 2 of 3 on Research Quality: A lecture on the quality of research and the research process taken from a series on research methods and research design given to masters (graduate) students by Graham R Gibbs at the University of Huddersfield. This is part 2 of three, and deals with adapting the ideas of reliability, validity, generalizability to the field of qualitative research. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGeh_foiwu0&feature=c4-overview-vl&list=PLirEzjzoHKvxaX8zZuFUSAi4jdukeexwx)
- Video 1: Reliability, validity, generalizability and credibility. Pt .1 of 3: Research Quality (quantitative approach)
- Video 3:The Process of Research. Part 3 of 3 on Research Quality and the Research process:
1. Go to Jultika (jultika.oulu.fi)
2. Download thesis [filter: master thesis, english, faculty of education]
3. Try to get answer to these questions
- What is transferability of the research design? How thoroughly the research context and the assumptions are described in text?.
- What kind of triangulation has been used in thesis? if any?
- What kind of exact reliability/validity or credibility/transferability/dependability/comfirmability descriptions you can recognize from master thesis?
Mixed Method Research
Introduction by Prof. Creswell
Curate as community QualitativeR topics
- Log in or join to http://www.pearltrees curation service
- Team-Up to Quali community: http://www.pearltrees.com/jarilaru/qualitative-research/id12643337
- Curate topics related to your thesis and qualitative research as general. YOU have shared curation topic, so all links will appear to same space
1. Reading task: overview of qualitative research
This slideset (from last year) is quite heavy stuff, so, but use 15 minutes to skim these slides These slides give an overview of (qualitative) scientific research.
http://www.slideshare.net/larux/quali-lecture-1-17116725 (use this link is embedded slideshare presentation doesn't show)
B. TASK: Analyse structure (theses)
We will continue our Nvivo exercises. Today we will use Nvivo10 in order to analyse master thesis.
B1.Import source into Nvivo
SOURCE: Import one qualitative master thesis* into Nvivo (before importing, be sure that thesis is QUALITATIVE)
*Download from these sites:
- UNI Oulu: http://jultika.oulu.fi/Search/Results?lookfor=&type=AllFields&filter=jultika_thesis_type%3A%22Pro+gradu+-ty%C3%B6%22&filter=language%3A%22eng%22&filter=jultika_org_level_1_fin%3A%22Kasvatustieteiden+tiedekunta%22&page=2&view=list
- UNI Helsinki: https://helda.helsinki.fi/handle/10138/18094/advanced-search
B2. Create coding structure** in Nvivo10
B3. Code thesis by using coding structure (nodes)
**Suggested node coding structure:
N1 Introduction (broad overview of the research)
- N1.1 opening statement of purpose, aims, argument to be presented, perspective to be employed or the problem to be investigated, or the question to which you do not know the answer, and for which research is therefore necessary. If these 'emerged' during the process of the research, then the narrative of the emergence needs to be detailed (probably in one or more chapters following the introduction): how emerged, what led to what, what problems were encountered, how overcome, what unanticipated theoretical, methodological issues arose, how these shaped the emergent design, and what social, political, cultural, professional, personal psychological, etc issues emerged as the fieldwork was undertaken).
- N1.2 background to the research. - what led to it?- the nature of the debate (political, social, cultural, economic, professional ... etc) that has led to it . In short, this is a justification for doing the research, indicating for example, its personal, professional, academic, methodological, social, political etc importance. This may be included in the introduction, however, if it is substantial it may be a full chapter on its own.
N2 Review of the literature (and conceptual framework)
- Review of the relevant literature - there are four kinds of review that can be done: a review of perspectives; a methodological review; a theoretical review; a substantive review. The purpose and focus of the assignment, dissertation or thesis will place different stress on one or more of these. Each review may be merged in one chapter or may be located in other apprpriate chapters, or may be woven into the emergent body of the writing throughout its chapters. In each case each the review will address such questions as: What's the debate? What rationales are employed by the protagonists, where are the weak spots and the strong points of each protagonist?
N3 Research questions
- N 4.1 the research methods and methodology: This is typically a separate chapter. Depending on the focus of the writing (stressing methodology and using the substance of the research as illustrative as opposed to stressing the substance, employing the methdology as the means of developing findings/conclusions/recommendations that are convincing), the methodology and the methods may either be discussed and detailed in one chapter or separated into two or more chapters.
- description of and justification of methodology/perspective chosen (e.g., why qualitative, or case study, or quantitative; why symbolic interactionism, phenomenology, feminism, marxism, critical realism, ...etc)
- outline of methods employed (interview, participant observation, statistical etc)- descriptions of how many interviewed etc
- justification of methods employed (i.e., why particularly appropriate for the subject under study), indications of their limitations
- how and degree to which objectivity and validity are achieved; or, degree to which subjectivity is justifie
- discussion of ethical issues in collecting, processing, and re-presenting data
- N 4.2 Description of 'field site' where data gathered
- the physical site .
- relevant organisations involved and their relevant organisational features
nature of the population, composition (relevant gender, ethnic, age, cultural, etc factors)
- relevant historical background
- relevant social, economic, political, religious, etc factors/circumstances
N5 Results or Findings
N6 Interpretations, Conclusions, and Recommendations
- N6.1 Summary: Begin with a very brief summary of the problem addressed and the main results of your research. Indicate whether or not the hypotheses were supported
- N6.2 Conflusions: The results should be interpreted in light of the full set of results, the applicable literature, the theoretical foundation or conceptual framework used, and the limitations of the study and literature. What do the results mean and what do they not mean? What are the possible causes of the results? What are the possible consequences of the results?
What is Nvivo
NVivo key terms:
- Sources are your research materials including documents, PDFs, datasets, audio, video, pictures, memos and framework matrices.
- Coding is the process of gathering material by topic, theme or case. For example, selectin a paragraph about water quality and coding it at the node ‘water quality’.
- Nodes are containers for your coding—they let you gather related material in one place so that you can look for emerging patterns and ideas.
- Source classifications let you record information about your sources—for example, bibliographical data.
- Node classifications allow to you record information about people, places or other cases for example, demographic data about people.
Getting Started Guide
(bolded topics are most important)
- Read getting started guide to get basic knowledge (16-44)
- Open Nvivo and open help tool (question mark, upper-right corner). Explore topics carefully.
- Open Sample Project in Nvivo
- Sources pane (left side of the UI)
- Explore interviews -folder (check especially video interview to see how video and transcription are synced)
- Look into Area and township -folder. Images can be used as sources also. Try to code image (draw rectangular to image and click right button)
- Check Social Media and survey folders in order to get picture that web sites and questionnaires can be used also as sources
- IMPORT document to Nvivo
- Nodes pane
- Click economy node. List of references (node content) in sources will be generated. Explore it to see which sources include "economy node"
- Go to VIew tab (top of the screen)
- turn stripes on
- turn highlights on
- Check what kind of classifications have been done
- Go to different sets of sources and open classification sheets
- Queries pane
- Coding comparison: two persons code same content and Nvivo calculates similarity of coding. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT for validity / reliability of your study.
- Other queries are for exploring your nodes/data, but are for "advanced users" .. I have used queries to quantify my qualitative data. Check what kind of queries have been done in sample project
- You can get coding summaries, node summaries etc. reports by using this dialog. Quite nice for getting an overview of your nodes etc.
- Sources pane (left side of the UI)
Welcome to the qualitative research -course.